• 14 Apr, 2024

What is the myth of "Patal Bhuvaneshwar"

What is the myth of "Patal Bhuvaneshwar"

Nestled in the breathtakingly beautiful state of Uttarakhand, India, lies the enigmatic Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple. This sacred site is not just a place of worship; it is a portal to a mystical world beneath the Earth's surface. With its rich history, awe-inspiring natural formations, and profound spiritual significance, the Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple offers visitors an experience like no other. 



A Snippet of History Hindu mythology and history attach great importance to the Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple. Legend has it that this underground cave temple was discovered by King Rituparna of the Sun Dynasty, who was mentioned in the ancient Indian epic, the Mahabharata. The temple's name, "Patal Bhuvaneshwar," translates to "the underground abode of Lord Shiva," and it is dedicated to this revered deity. The Mystical Underground Caves The temple's uniqueness lies in its cave complex, which is believed to be thousands of years old. To enter, one must descend through a narrow tunnel, creating a sense of anticipation and wonder. Inside, you'll find a labyrinth of caves and passages, each with its own mythological and spiritual significance. 


As you explore deeper into the caves, you'll come across incredible limestone formations that resemble various gods and goddesses. These natural sculptures are believed to have been formed by the divine hand, making each visit a spiritual journey. One of the most famous formations is the Sheshnag, a serpent-shaped rock formation that symbolizes Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the universe. Another awe-inspiring sight is the 'Jata Shankar,' a rock formation that resembles Lord Shiva's matted locks. Spiritual Significance Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple is not just a geological wonder; it is a sacred pilgrimage site.  Meditation in these caverns is thought to purify the soul and bring about spiritual enlightenment. Devotees flock here to seek blessings and perform rituals to connect with the divine. The temple complex houses various idols of Hindu gods and goddesses, each with its own sanctum.    

To obtain his blessings, devotees offer prayers and perform aarti before the principal deity, Lord Shiva, who resides in the lowest chamber. Exploring the Surrounding Natural Beauty, the temple's location in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand adds to its charm. Surrounded by lush forests, rolling hills, and crystal-clear streams, Patal Bhuvaneshwar offers a tranquil escape from the chaos of city life.  In order to obtain his blessings, devotees offer prayers and perform aarti before the principal deity, Lord Shiva, who resides in the lowest chamber.    


 Dress Code: Modest attire is recommended when visiting the temple out of respect for its spiritual significance.  

Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple Timing:

The temple has specific opening and closing times, and it's crucial to plan your visit accordingly to make the most of your trip. The temple generally opens at 7:00 AM and closes at 6:00 PM. However, these timings may vary depending on the season and local customs, so it's advisable to check with the temple authorities or a reliable source before your visit.

The best time to visit the Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple is during the spring and summer months (March to June) when the weather is pleasant, and the cave's interiors are less likely to be affected by heavy rains. Early morning or late afternoon visits are recommended to avoid crowds and experience the tranquility of the cave.


Nearby Hotels:

Patal Bhuvaneshwar Tourist Rest House: Located at a short distance from the temple, this government-run rest house offers basic yet comfortable accommodation options for visitors. It's an ideal choice for those looking for budget-friendly lodging.

  • Kasaar Jungle Resort: This resort is situated in Almora, which is approximately a 90-minute drive from Patal Bhuvaneshwar. It offers well-appointed rooms, a peaceful ambiance, and beautiful views of the surrounding forests.
  • Krishna Mountview Mountain Resort: Another great option in Almora, this resort provides a mix of luxury and natural beauty. You can enjoy modern amenities while being close to the temple.
  • KMVN Tourist Rest House, Gangolihat: Gangolihat is a nearby town, and this rest house is a suitable choice for those seeking a budget-friendly stay. It's approximately a 2-hour drive from Patal Bhuvaneshwar.
  • Binsar Eco Resort: Located in the Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, this eco-resort is about a 3-hour drive from Patal Bhuvaneshwar. It offers a serene environment amidst nature.

Guesthouses and Homestays: In addition to hotels and resorts, you'll find various guesthouses and homestays in the vicinity of Patal Bhuvaneshwar. Staying with local families can provide a unique cultural experience

How to reach Patal Bhuvaneshwar:-

We can be reached by bus, flight, and train, with a combination of these modes of transportation.

By Bus:

The nearest major city is Kathgodam, which is well-connected to major cities like Delhi, Dehradun, and Haridwar by bus.

By Flight:

The closest airport is Pantnagar Airport, approximately 215 kilometers away. Domestic flights operate from major Indian cities like Delhi.

By Train:

The nearest railway station is Kathgodam, which is well-connected to Delhi and other major cities in India. From Kathgodam, you can hire a taxi or board a bus to reach Patal Bhuvaneshwar.
Once you reach Patal Bhuvaneshwar, you'll need to undertake a short trek to the cave temple entrance. The temple is famous for its underground limestone caves, housing various stalactites and stalagmites, making it a significant pilgrimage site for Hindus.

Make sure to check the current transportation schedules and conditions, as they may change. Patal Bhuvaneshwar's remote location offers a unique and spiritually enriching experience for travelers. 




Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple is a place where spirituality meets natural wonder. It's an excursion into the Earth's depths, both physically and figuratively. The sense of awe and reverence that fills the hearts of those who visit this mystical site is a testament to its significance in the rich tapestry of India's cultural and spiritual heritage. Whether you are a devout pilgrim or an adventurer seeking the unknown, Patal Bhuvaneshwar Temple in Uttarakhand promises an unforgettable experience that will stay with you forever.